Types of Periodontitis
There are many forms of periodontitis. The most common ones include the following:
Occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid loss of tooth attachment and bone destruction, and this condition tends to run in families (familial aggregation).
Results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive loss of tooth attachment, and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva (gum). It is prevalent in adults but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases often begins at a young age.
Necrotizing periodontal disease
Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection characterized by necrosis (death) of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament, and alveolar (jaw) bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition, and immunosuppression.